Urinary Incontinence in Women, Animation.

Urinary Incontinence in Women, Animation.


Urinary incontinence is twice more common
in women than in men. About one out of three women over the age
of 60 is estimated to be incontinent. Pregnancy, childbirth, hormonal changes during
menopause, and anatomy of the urinary tract account for this difference. Urine is produced in the kidneys and stored
in the urinary bladder. Urination is the process of emptying the bladder
through the urethra that connects the urinary bladder to the external urethral orifice. There are two sphincters, or valves, that
keep the urethra closed to prevent leak: internal urethral sphincter located at the neck of
the bladder, and external urethral sphincter located right above the external urethral
orifice and supported by the pelvic floor muscles. The urethra is much shorter in women than
in men. When the bladder is full, stretch receptors
in the wall of the bladder send a signal to the spinal cord and the brain. At times when it’s not appropriate to urinate,
the brain sends back an inhibitory signal to keep the sphincters closed and prevent
voiding. When you wish to urinate, this inhibition
is removed; the spinal cord instructs the muscle of the bladder to contract and the
sphincters to open to let the urine out. There are several types of urinary incontinence
in women: -Stress incontinence: urine leakage while
sneezing, coughing, laughing or any activity that creates abdominal pressure on the bladder. This usually occurs because the muscles or
tissues underneath the bladder are weakened and can no longer support it. In women, this typically happens as a result
of pregnancy and childbirth during which these muscles are overstretched. Stress incontinence symptoms usually worsen
during certain times of the menstrual cycle when estrogen level is low. Incidents also increase following menopause. This is by far the most common type of incontinence
in women. -Urge incontinence: need to void that cannot
be deferred, inability to hold. This is commonly caused by an overactive bladder,
a condition in which muscles in the wall of the bladder contract in an uncontrollable
manner. The reason why this happens is unclear but
it’s likely to involve problems in the nervous system. -Overflow incontinence: constant dribbling
of urine. This happens when the bladder does not empty
properly while voiding making it almost always full and urine overflows. This may be due to weakened muscles in the
bladder wall or a blocked or narrowed urethra. This type of incontinence is rare in women. Treatment depends on the type of incontinence
and severity of symptoms. Lifestyle changes:
– Limit fluid intake at certain times of the day – such as before going to bed or before
a long trip. However, note should be taken to increase
fiber content in your meals to prevent constipation. – Cut down on caffeine, alcohol, keep a healthy
weight. – Try pelvic floor muscle exercises such as
Kegel exercises. This is to strengthen the muscles that support
your bladder and is particularly recommended after childbirth. – Timed voiding or bladder training therapy:
plan regular trips to the bathroom at set times of the day, gradually increase the interval
between trips as you gain control. – Small leakage can be managed by wearing
menstrual pads. Medication:
Depending on the cause of incontinence the following types of drugs maybe prescribed:
– Anticholinergics: these act on nerves to block bladder spasms, for treatment of overactive
bladder. – For stress incontinence topical estrogen
may be applied as a cream or patch. Estrogen helps to tone muscles and tissue
around the urethra to keep it closed. Non-surgical therapies for stress incontinence
include: – pessary: a ring-shaped medical device can
be inserted into the v. to hold up the bladder neck. The ring needs to be taken out and cleaned
regularly. – bulking agent injections: bulking materials
such as collagen and carbon-coated beads can be injected into the area surrounding the
urethra to support and keep it closed. This is a minimally invasive procedure but
usually has to be repeated to be effective in the long term. Surgical procedures include:
– Sacral nerve stimulation: treatment for overactive bladder that does not respond to
medication. A small pulse-generator device is implanted
under the skin of the buttock; the device sends mild electrical impulses to the sacral
nerve -the nerve that controls bladder activity- to moderate and control bladder spasms. – Bladder suspension or sling procedures may
be performed to create an artificial support for the bladder neck or urethral sphincters. These procedures usually involve tightening
of the bladder neck or the urethra to strong ligaments within the pelvis or to the pubic
bones.

17 thoughts on “Urinary Incontinence in Women, Animation.

  • Pads!!!! Serenity liners.
    I never had this til my 50s. It's so scary! I'm so afraid it will get worse.

    Kegals don't work

  • here's several tips for ways to treat bladder control issues :
    Use Kegel exercises— which involve flexing the same muscles you use to stop the urinary flow.
    Use losing weight if you are overweight excess belly fat puts pressure on the bladder and the pelvic muscles. Shedding a few pounds if you are overweight can help restore your bladder control.
    See if you can train your bladder – put off going to bathroom. Try to delay urinating by 10 minutes and build up to 20 minutes etc.
    Try magnesium and vitamin D
    Use Quiting smoking. Nicotine can irritate the bladder.
    (I discovered these and why they work on Nilah Control Plan website )

  • Help us make more videos like this! Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia

    Thank you so much!

  • please make a video on all surgical procedures done for SUI in little detail [including their indications and contra indications..

  • Non – surgical management also includes Physical Therapy. This should be one of the first considerations. Physical therapy management includes not only Pelvic Floor Muscle exercises( Kegels) but also muscle relaxation and coordination(the muscles aren't always weak), education on breathing, body mechanics, etc. If you are doing Kegels on your own and it is not working, find a pelvic floor physical therapist to help you.

  • I can't control urine. ..have problem while travelling, meeting etc I did medical check up too but could not get proper solution please give me good suggestion.

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