welcome to my channel health for you What are the causes and symptoms of diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease in which your body cannot properly control the amount of
sugar in your blood because it does not have enough insulin. Diabetes is the most common
medical complication during pregnancy, representing 3.3% of all live births. No matter what type
of diabetes you have, there are many steps you and your health care team can take in
order to have a safe and healthy pregnancy. What are the causes and symptoms of diabetes?
There are two primary types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that requires
daily use of insulin. Symptoms of Type 1 may include increased thirst and urination, constant
hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme fatigue. Often diagnosed in childhood and
in young adults, this type of diabetes accounts for about 5 to 10% of diagnosed cases in the
United States. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of
diabetes, accounting for about 90-95% of diabetes cases in the United States. Symptoms of Type
2 include bladder or kidney infections that heal slowly, increased thirst and urination,
constant hunger and fatigue. This form of diabetes is often associated with older age,
obesity, family history, previous history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity,
and it can be more prevalent in certain ethnic groups. How is pre-existing diabetes treated during
my pregnancy? Whether you are trying to conceive or already
pregnant, treating diabetes during pregnancy is key to the health of both you and your
baby. • Take time to build your health care team
and devise a care plan to manage your blood glucose levels. Frequent contact with your
health care provider is essential in managing blood glucose levels and monitoring the health
of you and your baby. • Talk to your health care provider, or
dietitian, to develop a healthy meal plan. Prioritizing proper nutrition will assist
in controlling your blood sugar both before and after conception.
• Tell your doctor about any current medications you are taking for diabetes, or any other health
conditions so you can take what is safest during your pregnancy.
• Make appointments with the appropriate high-risk specialists. Specialists may include
a perinatologist who treats women with high-risk pregnancies, and an endocrinologist who treats
women with diabetes and other health conditions. • Stay physically active. You will want
to be in the best physical condition during your pregnancy. What are hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, and
how can they affect my pregnancy? Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are both common
in women with preexisting diabetes. Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low.
When blood glucose levels are low, your body cannot get the energy it needs.
You may be experiencing this if you are: • Experiencing blurred vision
• Having unexplained fatigue • Concerned about sudden changes in your
mood Hypoglycemia can be triggered by:
• Skipping or delaying meals • Eating portions that are too small
• Overexerting yourself physically Typically hypoglycemia is treated by eating
or drinking something containing sugar, such as orange juice. Hyperglycemia is when your
body doesn’t have enough insulin or can’t use insulin correctly.
You may be experiencing this if you are: • Always thirsty
• Suddenly losing weight • Using the bathroom often
Hyperglycemia can be triggered by: • Improper balance in your food consumption
• Problems with the amount of insulin you are taking
• Stress • Sickness
• Lack of physical movement Typically hyperglycemia is treated by adjusting
your insulin dosages. What are the risks of diabetes to my unborn
child? There are a few potentially negative health
risks to the baby when the mother has diabetes. • Macrosomia is a condition in which your
baby grows too large due to excess insulin crossing the placenta. A large baby can make
vaginal delivery difficult and increase the risk of injury to the baby during the birth
process. • Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can
develop shortly after birth due to high insulin levels. Controlling your own blood sugar can
help to lower the risks of hypoglycemia for your baby.
• Jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the skin and eyes and can sometimes be
attributed to diabetes while pregnant. Your pediatric care provider will assist you with
a plan to alleviate this condition for your newborn.
What are some other considerations? There are a few other items to keep in mind:
• During labor and delivery, your blood glucose will be managed closely to ensure
a safe delivery. Partnering with your health-care team and support partner will help ease any
concerns you may have during labor. • Be sure to complete your postpartum care,
in order to achieve a healthy weight with daily exercise and sound nutrition. Taking
care of your body postpartum is important to managing glucose levels and remaining healthy.
• Research and decide key items about your baby’s nutrition after birth. Some studies
suggest breastfeeding can lower the risk of diabetes in your newborn.
Thousands of women each year are able to navigate diabetes in pregnancy with favorable results.
Remember to manage your glucose levels, prioritize proper nutrition and exercise, and stay connected
to your health care team. Medically managing your diabetes is key for your health and the
success of future pregnancies.