Vaginal Discharge

This VAP is on vagina discharge. By the end of this VAP, [AUDIO OUT] The normal vaginal environment is acidic, with a pH of 3.8 to 4.4, thus discouraging infections. This environment is created by normally occurring bacteria, lactobacilli. Any disruption to the pH balance of the vaginal environment can make it more conducive to […]

Basic Gynae Examination

Hello, Cindy. So today in this session we will practice a basic gynae examination on this pelvic model. So let’s begin by talking about instruments first. So we do not need much for a gynae examination. We need– we have here the pelvic model, which we will describe later. All we need is a basic […]

Misoprostol Vaginal Insert and Time to Vaginal Delivery RCT

Hello, and thank you for viewing our presentation. Today our team will be presenting on a randomized controlled trial on two prostaglandins, misoprostol and dinoprostone, and their efficacy in reducing the time to labor. This is an outline of our presentation. First, we will start off by introducing concept of cervical ripening and the two […]

Management of HIV in Pregnancy

Management of HIV in Pregnancy. The learning objectives are first, to understand the requirement for antenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum intervention in the management of HIV positive pregnant women in a multidisciplinary setting. And secondly, to have comprehensive knowledge on the interventions available to reduce vertical transmission from mother to child at all stages of pregnancy. […]

Operative Vaginal Delivery

Hello, my name is Jia Hui, and I’m going to talk to you about operative vaginal delivery. This is an outline of my presentation. I will provide an introduction to operative vaginal delivery, followed by the indications, contraindications, and prerequisites of this mode of delivery. This will be followed by a little about forceps and […]

Prolonged Pregnancy

Hello. I’m Juan Sebastian Sandoval, one of the OBGYN residents at Duke University. And today we’re going to talk about prolonged pregnancy. Given that this is a review of the USMLE, we will pay particular attention to the key information that you need to know and not the details that, although are important for the […]

Complications in Late Pregnancy Part 01

Complications in late pregnancy, part 1. We hope that the viewer learns to understand the pathophysiology, implications, diagnosis, and management of the two commonest complications in late pregnancy– hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy. In this installment, we will be focusing on the spectrum of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, which include pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia. Hypertension […]